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Standards Bodies and Consortia
AIAG - Develops standards for the automotive industry
ANSI - American National Standards Institute
ASTM - an international voluntary standards organization that develops and produces technical standards for
CableLabs - pursues new cable telecommunications technologies and their integration
DCML - provides a standard model to describe one or more data center environments
DMTF - Develops standards for distributed desktop, network, enterprise and Internet environment
ECMA - International European association for standardizing information and communication systems
ETSI - produces European telecommunications standards
FIX - messaging specifications for the electronic communication of trade-related messages - Accelerating the use and acceptance of open source technologies through standards.
ICANN - Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission
IEEE - Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc
IETF - Internet Engineering Task Force
ISO - International Organization for Standardization
ITU - International Telecommunications Union
JCP - Java Community Process
JXTA - Combination P2P open standards with Java open source implementation.
LibertyAlliance - Liberty Alliance Project
OASIS - Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Systems
ODMG - Object Data Management Group
OGC - international consortium for geospatial and location based services standards
OMA - Creates open standards and specifications for interoperable mobile services.
OMG - Object Management Group
OpenACC - API describing a collection of compiler directives to accelerate application.
OpenGroup - an international vendor and technology-neutral consortium
OSGi - dynamic module system for Java
RosettaNet - Open e-business process standards
RTCA - Develops recommendations for communications, navigation, surveillance, and air traffic issues.
SunSpec - defines open data standards for the renewable energy and photovoltaic (PV) industries
TCG - Industry standards group to help create specs for hardware-enabled trusted computing and security te - Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration
VoiceXML - an industry organization formed to create and promote the Voice Extensible Markup Language (VoiceXML
W3C - World Wide Web Consortium
workforce-xml - standardization of xml integration of devices/apps for the workforce
WS-I - Web Services Interoperability Organization



Short NameIETF
NameInternet Engineering Task Force
Type Open Standards Body
Short Description
DescriptionThe IETF is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual.
Technical ScopeInternet
Membership TypesQuote:

"The IETF is not a membership organization (no cards, no dues, no secret handshakes :-)

"The IETF is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual.

"The actual technical work of the IETF is done in its working groups. To become a participant in the IETF, one merely becomes active in one or more working groups by asking to be added to the WG's mailing list."

updated: 2002-May-20
Internal OrganizationsWhenever possible, a standard may advance through all levels of maturity, becoming an internet standard, through the activities of a Working Group. However, the dispute process permits resolution outside the Working Group when a dispute cannot be setted within, rising successively through these ranks:

Area Director (for the Working Group)
Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG) as a whole
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)

"The IAB decision is final with respect to the question of whether or not the Internet standards procedures have been followed and with respect to all questions of technical merit."

In some cases appeals can go up to the ISOC BoT.

ref: RFC 2026 (BCP 9) section 6.5.1 Working Group Disputes (
updated: 2002-May-20

External OrganizationsThe IETF recognizes and included references to other standards setting organizations and their published standards and other documentation.

The Internet Society (ISOC) is the organanizational home of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), Internet Architecture Board (IAB) and the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). (

updated: 2002-May-28
Standards Track Maturity LevelsProposed Standard
Draft Standard
Internet Standard

Although Best Current Practice (BCP) documents standardize processes, they too progress through the standards track maturity levels.

ref: RFC 2026 (BCP 9) section 4.1 (
updated: 2002-May-29
Standards Track View Notes
Standards Track Participation Notes
Other TracksExperimental

ref: RFC2026 sections 4.2 and 5(
updated: 2002-May-29
Standards View NotesAll standards are published as Request for Comments (RFC), and are publicly available online.

RFCs are available without charge and do not require membership or registration, ensuring the highest degree of accessibility.

update: 2002-May-20
Patent PolicyGeneral policy:

"In all matters of intellectual property rights and procedures, the intention is to benefit the Internet community and the public at large, while respecting the legitimate rights of others."

IETF policy requires that effort be made to publicize patent and copyright claims as early in the standards setting process as possible, and that such claims be available on-line.

The IETF requires that all submitters accept that their documents will be openly available to the public.

"Where the IESG knows of rights, or claimed rights under (A), the IETF Executive Director shall attempt to obtain from the claimant of such rights, a written assurance that upon approval by the IESG of the relevant Internet standards track specification(s), any party will be able to obtain the right to implement, use and distribute the technology or works when implementing, using or distributing technology based upon the specific specification(s) under openly specified, reasonable, non-discriminatory terms."

ref: RFC 2026 section 10 (
updated: 2002-May-29
Patent Policy NotesIn general, the IETF, based on the 1996 publication of RFC 2026, permits Reasonable and Non-Discriminatory (RAND) access to the intellectual property required to implement a standard.

It is the working group's responsibility to decide if technology with IPR claims should be used in an IETF standard. There are no specific rules about it.

updated: 2002-May-29

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